All beings can learn dharma.
“Since Mahayana insists on the interdependence of all life and aspires to the salvation of all beings, not just those who follow monastic orders, it does not demand renunciation of ordinary life (though it is expected that renunciation will come later of its own accord)…”
Peter Matthiessen, The Snow Leopard
Buddha’s egalitarian approach to teaching the dharma to all beings was incredibly radical in his time. The caste system and treatment of women as second class citizens was riggedly locked into his culture. The reality is that it still is in much of India and Pakistan today. The Buddha taught to all, there were no hierarchies or privileged monks. This is the principal difference, culturally, between Buddhism and all the world’s great religions.